We use citations and reference lists to guide the reader/viewer/audience member to the sources used to create our paper, video, presentation, etc. It is common for individuals who want to learn more about a topic to use the sources in a reference list. Citing is a recoginition of other people's work.
This style uses notes (footnotes and/or endnotes) together with a bibliography. Notes provide an author the option to add additional information or comments about a cited source.
- A footnote or an endnote lists in order the author, title, and facts of publication and are separated by commas with the facts of publication enclosed in parentheses.
Notes are listed numerically (1, 2, 3, etc.)
at the bottom of a page (footnote) or the end of a document (endnote) but appear before the bibliography.
- A bibliography entry lists elements in the same order but uses periods instead of commas, omits the parentheses, and the first author’s name is inverted (last name first).
- Titles use title case (main words are capitalized) and italics are used for the larger work (e.g. book, journal).
- Use page numbers only in the notes and only when using a direct quote or referencing a specific section of the work.
- Chicago style requires abbreviations of specific words such as editor, edition, etc. Consult Chapter 10 of the style manual for the full list.
See also The Chicago Manual of Style Online by University of Chicago Press