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HIS 300 - Senior Seminar in History: Reconstruction (Gifford)

The resources in this guide will be useful for student research on the Reconstruction era of U.S. history.

Primary Sources


Milner Library subscribes to various newspapers both online and on microfilm. 

1. Historical New York Times (Online) 1851-2019.  

2.  Historical Chicago Tribune (online).  1849-2014.  

3.  Bloomington Pantagraph (online) 1857 - 1926 through Illinois Collection.

4. HarpWeek.
        Full text of Harper's Weekly for the years 1857-1912.

5.  Nineteenth Century U.S. Newspapers.
             Full text database of 19th century papers including all states in the U.S.

6.  Chronicling America:  Historic American Newspapers.
             Full text for some 700+ newspapers from 1777-1963.

Additional Primary Sources

Black Freedom Struggle in the United States

Collection of full text documents from eras of U.S. history
Civil War and Reconstruction Era (1861-1877).


Library of Congress -- Exhibitions -- The African American Odyssey -- Reconstruction and Its Aftermath

Online exhibit with selected primary sources highlighting specific themes during Reconstruction.

Facing History and Ourselves -- The Reconstruction Era and the Fragility of Democracy

Accessible Archives 
Includes the full text of early African American newspapers, The Liberator, the National Anti-Slavery Standard, the Pennsylvania Gazette and the Virginia Gazette.

African American Newspapers
Full text of African American newspapers from 39 different states from 1827 - 1998.

Slavery in America and the World: History, Culture & Law
Full text database of slavery statutes, legal cases, scholarly articles, and a guide to additional online sources.

American Periodical Series Online, 1741-1900+.
Full text of American popular and professional periodicals including over 1,000 titles in all, covering a wide range of subjects.

Black Thought and Culture
Full text database of books, speeches, essays, articles, and interviews of major African American  leaders from colonial times to the present.. 

Women and Social Movements in the U. S.  1600-2000.
 Full text database of primary and secondary sources on women in social movements including the Freedmen's Aid,  suffrage, temperance, labor and  peace.

Library of Congress - Digital Collections.
Library of Congress site containing primary documents from various eras including Reconstruction.

Reconstruction Era: (1865 - 1877)  - Defining Documents in American History.  (E-book).
Collection of  full text speeches, letters, court cases and legislation with context and analysis of each document.

American Eras: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1860-1877:  Primary Sources. (E-book).
Collection of documents arranged by topics such as politics, law, education, business, religion, science, etc.





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Vanette Schwartz
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