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Law and Legal Studies: Citation

Online Resources

Cornell University's Legal Information Institute's (LII) Introduction to Basic Legal Citation by Peter Martin.

Books

APA Citation Style

Publication Manual of the APA, 6th ed.

  • Appendix 7.1:  References to Legal Materials, pp. 216-224

Bluebook Citations

please note - pipe symbols and colors are utilized to highlight citation elements; they are not required

United States Supreme Court

Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954)
Case name | volume number | reporter | page number | (year of decision)

color coded example: Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954)

  • case name: Brown v. Board of Education [be sure to italicize]
  • volume number:  347
  • reporter:  U.S.
  • page number:  483
  • year of decision: 1954

Illinois Supreme Court

Hooker v. Illinois State Board of Elections, 2016 IL 121077 ¶ 1
case name | year of decision | reporter | docket number | paragraph number

color coded example:  Hooker v. Illinois State Board of Elections, 2016 IL 121077 ¶ 1

  • case name:  Hooker v. Illinois State Board of Elections
  • year of decision:  2016
  • reporter:  IL [abbreviation for Illinois Official Reports]
  • docket number:  121077
  • paragraph number:  ¶ 1

Federal Court of Appeals

Boulahanis v. Board of Regents, Illinois State University, 198 F.3d 663 (7th Cir. 1999)
case name | volume number | reporter | series number (if applicable) | page number | (court year of decision)

color coded example: Boulahanis v. Board of Regents, Illinois State University, 198 F.3d 663 (7th Cir. 1999)

  • case name: Boulahanis v. Board of Regents, Illinois State University [be sure to italicize]
  • volume number:  198
  • reporter:  F. [abbreviation for the Federal Reporter]
  • series number (if applicable):  3d  [abbreviation for the third series]
    - note:  if citation is from the first series, do not include 1d
  • page number:  663
  • court:  7th Cir. [abbreviation for the Central District of Illinois]
  • court year of decision: 1999

Illinois Appellate Court

Board of Regents of the Regency University System v. Reynard, 292 Ill.App.3d 968 (1997)
case name | volume number | reporter | series number | page | (year of decision)

color coded example: Board of Regents of the Regency University System v. Reynard, 292 Ill.App.3d 968 (1997)

  • case name:  Board of Regents of the Regency University System v. Reynard
  • volume number:  292
  • reporter:  Ill.App. [abbreviation for Illinois Appellate Court]
  • series number (if applicable):  3d  [abbreviation for the third series]
    - note:  if citation is from the first series, do not include 1d
  • page:  968
  • year of decision:  1997

Federal District Courts

Harper v. Board of Regents, Illinois State University, 35 F. Supp. 2d 1118 (C.D. Ill. 1999)
case name | volume number | reporter | series number | page number | (court year of decision)

color coded example: Harper v. Board of Regents, Illinois State University, 35 F. Supp. 2d 1118 (C.D. Ill. 1999)

  • case name: Harper v. Board of Regents, Illinois State University [be sure to italicize]
  • volume number:  35
  • reporter:  F.Supp. [abbreviation for the Federal Supplement]
  • series number (if applicable):  2d  [abbreviation for the second series]
    - note:  if citation is from the first series, do not include 1d
  • page number:  1118
  • court:  C.D. Ill. [abbreviation for the Central District of Illinois]
  • court year of decision: 1999

U.S. Constitution

U.S. Const. amend. XIII, § 1
source | portion | portion

color coded example: U.S. Const. amend. XIII, § 1

  • source:  U.S. Const.
  • portion:  amend. XIII  [abbreviation for 13th Amendment]
  • portion (if applicable):  § 1 [section one]

Illinois Constitution

Ill. Const. art. XIII, § 5
source | portion | portion

color coded example: Ill. Const. art. XIII, § 5

  • source:  Ill. Const.
  • portion:  art. XIII  [abbreviation for Article 13]
  • portion (if applicable):  § 5 [section five]

U.S. Code

Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972, 20 U.S.C. §§ 1681-1688
official name | title number | code | section number(s)

color coded example: Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972, 20 U.S.C. §§ 1681-1688

  • official name:  Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972
    - note:  there may not always be a title
  • title number:  20
  • code:  U.S.C.
  • section number(s):  §§ 1681-1688
    - note:  if year of code is specified and is not in the official name (as in this example), it should be added in parentheses after the section number

Illinois Compiled Statutes

110 ILL. COMP. STAT. 675/20-5 (1996)
chapter number | code | act number/section number | (year)

color coded example: 110 ILL. COMP. STAT. 675/20-5 (1996)

  • chapter number:  110
  • code:  ILL. COMP. STAT. [abbreviation for Illinois Compiled Statutes]
  • act number:  675
  • (if applicable): /
  • section number (if applicable):  20-5
  • year:  1996

Code of Federal Regulations

34 C.F.R. §300.103 (2017)
title number | code | section number | (year of edition)

color coded example: 34 C.F.R. §300.103 (2017)

  • title number:  34
  • code:  C.F.R.
  • section number:  §300.103
  • year of edition:  2017
    - note:  year of code does not need to be noted, if the cited portion is currently in effect and has not been subject to recent change

Illinois Administrative Code

Ill. Admin. Code tit. 23, §226 (2016)
code | title number | part or section number | (year)

color coded example: Ill. Admin. Code tit. 23. §226 (2016)

  • code:  Ill. Admin. Code
  • title:  tit. 23
  • part number or section number:  §226
  • year:  2016

Federal Register

Assistance to States for the Education of Children with Disabilities and Preschool Grants for Children With Disabilities, 71 Fed. Reg. 46540 (August 14, 2006) (to be codified at 34 C.F.R. pt. 300 and 301).
name of rule or regulation | volume number | Fed. Reg.|  page number | (month day, year) | (where rule or regulation will appear in C.F.R.)

color coded example:  Assistance to States for the Education of Children with Disabilities and Preschool Grants for Children With Disabilities 71 Fed. Reg. 46540 (August 14, 2006) (to be codified at 34 C.F.R. pt. 300 and 301)

  • name of rule or regulation:  Assistance to States for the Education of Children with Disabilities and Preschool Grants for Children With Disabilities
  • volume number:  71
  • source:  Fed. Reg.
  • page number:  46540
  • date:  August 14, 2006
  • codified location:   to be codified at 34 C.F.R. pt. 300 and 301

Illinois Register

31 Ill. Reg. 3128 (February 23, 2007)
volume number | source |  page number | (month day, year)

color coded example:  31 Ill. Reg. 3128 (February 23, 2007)

  • volume number:  31
  • source:  Ill. Reg.
  • page number:  3128
  • date:  February 23, 2007

Law Review/Journal Article

Jon B. Gould, The Precedent that Wasn't: College Hate Speech Codes and the Two Faces of Legal Compliance, 35 Law & Soc'y Rev. 345 (2001)
author, article title, volume journal page number (year)

color coded example: Jon B. Gould, The Precedent that Wasn't: College Hate Speech Codes and the Two Faces of Legal Compliance, 35 Law & Soc'y Rev. 345 (2001)

  • author:  Jon B. Gould
  • article title:  The Precedent that Wasn't: College Hate Speech Codes and the Two Faces of Legal Compliance [be sure to italicize]
  • volume:  35
  • journal:  Law & Soc'y Rev. [abbreviation for Law and Society Review]
  • page number:  345
  • year:  2001

Legal Encyclopedia Article

42 Am. Jur. 2d Injunctions § 81 (2017)
volume source edition title section (year)

color coded example: 42 Am. Jur. 2d Injunctions § 81 (2017)

  • volume:  42
  • source:  Am. Jur. [abbreviation for American Jurisprudence]
  • edition:  2d
  • title:  Injunctions [be sure to underline]
  • section:  § 81
  • year:  2017 [year of update]

Treatise

Scott D. Lane, et al., Illinois Motions in Limine § 5:56 (2016)
author, source section (year)

color coded example: Scott D. Lane, et al., Illinois Motions in Limine § 5:56 (2016)

  • author:   Scott D. Lane, et al. [since there are three authors, the first is listed and followed by an et al.]
  • source:  Illinois Motions in Limine [be sure to italicize]
  • section:  § 5:56
  • year:  2016 [year of update]

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Subjects:Law, Legal Studies