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AMA Style

A quick overview of how to use the American Medical Association (AMA) Style and examples of note and in-text citations and references for a variety of different sources.

Examples of Numeric Citation and References for Articles

Use the LTWA (List of Title Word Abbreviations) website to find the correct abbreviations.
The AMA Manual of Style section 13.10 Names of Journals provides a list of abbreviations for common journals and words.
An alternative list for abbreviations is available from Web of Science.

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study14

Narrative: Schillinger et al14 reported…

Reference

  1. Schillinger D, Chittamuru D, Ramírez AS. From “Infodemics” to health promotion: a novel framework for the role of social media in public health. Am J Public Health. 2020;110(9):1393-1396.

Don't add a period after the DOI number

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study3

Narrative: Classen et al3 reported…

Reference

  1. Classen S, Levy C, Meyer DL, Bewernitz M, Lanford DN, Mann WC. Simulated driving performance of combat veterans with mild traumatic brain injury and posttraumatic stress disorder: a pilot study. Am J Occup Ther. 2011;65(4):419-427. doi:10.5014/ajot.2011.000893

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study21

Narrative: Barrios21 reported…

Reference

  1. Barrios B, Carrier B, Jolley B, Davis D, Sertic J, Navalta J. Establishing a methodology for conducting a rapid review on wearable technology reliability and validity in applied settings. Top in Exerc Sci Kinesiol. 2020;1(2). https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/scholarship_kin/vol1/iss2/8

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study4

Narrative: Colman4 reported…

Reference

  1. Colman A. An agent of public health: a new decade brings a new role for parks and recreation in public health. Park & Recreat. 2020;55(6):42-45.

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study22

Narrative: Sweeny22 reported…

Reference

  1. Sweeney C. ℞ for an epidemic. Harvard Public Health Magazine. Published online 2019. Accessed September 25, 2020. https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/magazine/magazine_article/rx-for-an-epidemic/

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study5

 

Narrative: McMillan5 reported…

Reference

  1. McMillan K. Ski helmet use isn’t reducing brain injuries. New York Times. January 1, 2014:B7-B11.

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study8

 

Narrative: In the newspaper article "MLB appears close to new drug agreement"8, it highlights...

Reference

  1. MLB appears close to new drug agreement. The Washington Post. March 26, 2014:D05.

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study18

 

Narrative: Zaveri18 reported…

Reference

  1. Zaveri M. More than 100 troops have brain injuries from Iran missile strike, Pentagon says. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/10/world/middleeast/iraq-iran-brain-injuries.html. Published February 10, 2020. Accessed September 25, 2020.

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