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AMA Style

A quick overview of how to use the American Medical Association (AMA) Style and examples of note and in-text citations and references for a variety of different sources.

Guidelines for the American Medical Association (AMA) Style

We use citations and reference lists to guide the reader/viewer/audience to the sources used to create our paper, video, presentation, etc. It is common for individuals who want to learn more about a topic to use the sources in a reference list. Citing is a recognition of other people's work.

The American Medical Association (AMA) style was created by editors of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). AMA style specifies writing and citation styles for scholarly works in medicine and related health science fields.

Basic Reference Structure

AMA Style references should contain at least these four base elements:

  • author/creator name (who wrote, made, produced, filmed, etc.)
  • title of the work
  • date of publication (when was the item published, made, produced, filmed, etc.)
  • publication information (publishing company information, edition, volume and issue numbers, online location)

The source format and type impacts what is and isn't included in the reference. Consult the Example pages for specific formatting of in-text citations and references.

Formatting Your Paper

Using a specific style is not just in-text citing and a list of references. It also includes the formatting of your paper. While AMA does not provide a specific paper formatting structure, use these general guidelines as a starting point. If you are formatting your thesis or dissertation, contact the Graduate School to discuss alternative's to the School's required templates.

  • 1-inch margins on all sides
  • Double spacing of all text on all pages, including the References list.
  • Each paragraph begins with a First Line indent of .5 inches.
  • References are a numbered list in the order they were cited. Do not use a Hanging indent.
  • Font should be a serif font like Times New Roman, and set to 12pt.
  • Page numbers in the upper right corner on each page, accompanied by your last name.

Note: If your professor provides alternative formatting, follow their guidelines.