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AMA Style

A quick overview of how to use the American Medical Association (AMA) Style and examples of note and in-text citations and references for a variety of different sources.

Examples of Numeric Citation and References for Books

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study7

Narrative: Criado-Perez7 reported…

Reference

  1. Criado-Perez C. Invisible Women: Data Bias in a World Designed for Men. Abrams Press; 2019.

In the bibliography list the names separated by a comma; when naming the authors in a sentence use the last names joined by the word ‘and’.

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study22

Narrative: King and Sturrock22 reported…

Reference

  1. King P, Sturrock G. The Play Cycle: Theory, Research and Application. Routledge; 2020.

In the bibliography, list all names separated by a comma; when naming the authors in a sentence use the last name of the first author followed by et al.

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study17

Narrative: Zimmerman et al17 reported…

Reference

  1. Zimmerman DP, Roussin JL, Garmston RJ. Transforming Teamwork: Cultivating Collaborative Cultures. Corwin; 2020.

In the bibliography, list the first three authors separated by a comma and then followed by et al.; when naming the authors in a sentence use the last name of the first author followed by et al.

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study19

Narrative: Barron et al19 reported…

Reference

  1. Barron CM, Beckett AE, Coussens M, et al. Barriers to Play for Children and Young Persons. De Gruyter Open; 2017.

Formatting of multiple authors is the same a book.

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study2

Narrative: Casper and Wertheimer2 reported…

Reference

  1. Casper MJ, Wertheimer E, eds. Critical Trauma Studies: Understanding Violence, Conflict, and Memory in Everyday Life. University Press; 2016.

Formatting of multiple authors is the same a book.

Wording for editions such as Second, Revised, and Enlarged are abbreviated in bibliography: 2nd ed.; rev. ed.; etc.

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study8

Narrative: Long and Robertson8 reported…

Reference

  1. Long T, Robertson T, eds. Foundations of Therapeutic Recreation. Second. Human Kinetics; 2020.

Formatting of multiple authors is the same a book.

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study13

Narrative: Sotomayor13 reported…

Reference

  1. Sotomayor A. The nationalist movement and the struggle for freedom in Puerto Rico’s Olympic sport. In: Sotomayor A, Torres CR, eds. Olimpismo: The Olympic Movement in the Making of Latin America and the Caribbean. Sport, culture & society. The University of Arkansas Press; 2020:73-94.

Formatting of multiple authors is the same a book.

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study20

Narrative: Nadel and Scher20 reported…

Reference

  1. Nadel M, Scher S. Not Just Play: Summer Camp and the Profession of Social Work. Oxford University Press; 2019. Accessed September 25, 2020. https://oxford-universitypressscholarship-com.libproxy.lib.ilstu.edu/view/10.1093/oso/9780190496548.001.0001/oso-9780190496548

Formatting of multiple authors is the same a book.

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study14

Narrative: Truswell14 reported…

Reference

  1. Truswell D, ed. The Impact of Dementia on Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic Communities: Key Issues and Strategies for Change. Jessica Kingsley Publishers; 2020. Accessed September 25, 2020. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/ilstu/detail.action?docID=5979601

Formatting of multiple authors is the same a book.

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study9

Narrative: Mansdorf 9 reported…

Reference

  1. Mansdorf SZ, ed. Handbook of Occupational Safety and Health. Third. Wiley; 2019. Accessed September 25, 2020. https://onlinelibrary-wiley-com.libproxy.lib.ilstu.edu/doi/book/10.1002/9781119581482

Formatting of multiple authors is the same a book.

In-text Citation

In-text (without the author’s name): The longitudinal study21

Narrative: Marino and Stilo21 reported…

Reference

  1. Marino D, Stilo P. Sport and doping: a theoretical approach. In: Peris-Ortiz M, Álvarez-García J, Del Río-Rama M de la C, eds. Sports Management as an Emerging Economic Activity: Trends and Best Practices. Springer International Publishing AG; 2017:101-111. Accessed September 25, 2020. http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/ilstu/detail.action?docID=5096976

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