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Scientific Styles

A guide providing an overview of different scientific / medical styles and information on how to use the CSE (Council of Science Editors) Scientific Style.

CSE Name-Year Structure of a Reference and In-text Citation

The following section provides examples for the CSE Name-Year format. The formatting for in-text citations and references, regardless of source type, follow the same general format. However, some source types require additional information and formatting.

In-text Citations: Basic Structure

  • At the point of reference (citation)
  • Includes the author's last name and year of publication
  • Are placed in parentheses
  • If author's name is used in the sentence, only the year is in parentheses

References: Basic Structure

  • Second line of a reference is indented .5 inches (Hanging indent)
  • Authors names are listed last name first and the first and middle initials with no periods
    - e.g. Adams, SJ
  • Publication date appears after the author's name
  • Individual elements are separated by periods