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Chicago Style

A quick overview of how to use the Chicago Style and examples of note and in-text citations and references for a variety of different sources.

Examples of In-Text Citations and References for Articles

Note: Formatting of multiple authors follows the same format as books. DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier (learn more about DOIs).

Reference

Martín, Gustavo A. Rodríguez. 2013. “Shaw by the Numbers.” Shaw 33 (1): 176–202.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Martín 2013).

Martín (2013) highlights...

DOIs are represented as a web link.

Reference

Li, Linda Chelan. 2014. “Multiple Trajectories and ‘Good Governance’ in Asia: An Introduction.” Journal of Contemporary Asia 44 (2): 187–203. https://doi.org/10.1080/00472336.2013.870827.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Li 2014).

Li (2014) highlights...

Reference

Greene, Mairead, and Paula Shorter. 2012. “Building Conceptual Understanding in Precalculus.” Transformative Dialogues: Teaching & Learning Journal 6 (2): 1–16. http://www.kpu.ca/sites/default/files/TD.6.2.2_Greene%26Shorter_Conceptual_Understanding_in_Precalculus.pdf.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Greene and Shorter 2012).

Greene and Shorter (2012) highlight...

Reference

Fiore, Adam. 2014. “The Master Code.” Popular Science 284 (5): 54–84.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Fiore 2014).

Fiore (2014) highlights...

Reference

Sarconi, Paul. 2017. “OK, House. Get Smart: Make the Most of Your AI Home Minions.” WIRED, May 16, 2017. https://www.wired.com/2017/06/guide-to-ai-artificial-intelligence-at-home/.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Sarconi 2017).

Sarconi (2017) highlights...

Reference

Stibel, Jeff. 2018. “The Internet Is Changing Us, but It’s Not All Bad.” USA Today, February 17, 2018, sec. Money.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Stibel 2018).

Stibel (2018) highlights...

For a newspaper article with no author, list the newspaper’s name in place of an author’s name in the reference list. For the in-text citation, use the first few words of the title in double quotation marks and the year.

Reference

The Washington Post. 2014. “MLB Appears Close to New Drug Agreement,” March 26, 2014, sec. Sports.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods ("MLB appears close" 2014).

In the newspaper article "MLB appears close to new drug agreement" (2013), it highlights...

Reference

Delgado, Jennifer. 2014. “Work to Begin on Grant Park Skate Park.” Chicago Tribune, June 2, 2014. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2014-06-02/news/ct-grant-park-new-skate-park-met-20140602_1_skate-park-tif-funds-grant-park-conservancy.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Delgado 2014).

Delgado (2014) highlights...