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Chicago Style

A quick overview of how to use the Chicago Style and examples of note and in-text citations and references for a variety of different sources.

Examples of Notes and References for Other Sources

Note: Formatting of multiple authors follows the same format as books.

Note

1. David Levinson and Gertrud Pfister, eds., “Yachting,” Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport (Great Barrington, Massachusetts: Berkshire Publishing Group, 2013).

Reference

Levinson, David, and Gertrud Pfister, eds. “Yachting.” Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport. Great Barrington, Massachusetts: Berkshire Publishing Group, 2013.

Note

1. Jeffrey Ian Ross, ed., “Hooliganism,” Encyclopedia of Street Crime in America (Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 2013), http://www.ilstu.eblib.com/EBLWeb/patron/?target=patron&extendedid=P_1207759_0.

Reference

Ross, Jeffrey Ian, ed. “Hooliganism.” Encyclopedia of Street Crime in America. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 2013. http://www.ilstu.eblib.com/EBLWeb/patron/?target=patron&extendedid=P_1207759_0.

For legal works the Chicago Manual of Style recommends using either the The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation or the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation.

Note

1. Hayden Stewart et al., The Cost of Satisfying Fruit and Vegetable Recommendations in the Dietary Guidelines, Economic Brief, Number 27 (Washington, D.C.: United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, 2016), http://purl.fdlp.gov/GPO/gpo69773.

Reference

Stewart, Hayden, Jeffrey Hyman, Andrea Carlson, and Elizabeth Frazão. The Cost of Satisfying Fruit and Vegetable Recommendations in the Dietary Guidelines. Economic Brief, Number 27. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, 2016. http://purl.fdlp.gov/GPO/gpo69773.

These are not included in the Bibliography and only included in the Notes. Published interviews should be cited and referenced based on the delivery format (e.g. Vital Speeches of the Day is a magazine; 60 Minutes is a television broadcast, etc.)

Note

1. John Adams, in discussion with the author, May 4, 2014.

Personal comminication is any form of communication with you and the other individual, who is identified as the author/creator. This can be in the form a text, phone call, Zoom meeting, direct message, etc. These are not included in the Bibliography and only included in the Notes.

Note

1. John Adams, in discussion with the author, May 4, 2014.

Note

1. Susan White and Rachel Ivie, “Number of Women in Physics Departments: A Simulation Analysis. Report” (College Park, MD: Statistical Research Center of the American Institute of Physics, July 1, 2013), https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED547644.pdf.

Reference

White, Susan, and Rachel Ivie. “Number of Women in Physics Departments: A Simulation Analysis. Report.” College Park, MD: Statistical Research Center of the American Institute of Physics, July 1, 2013. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED547644.pdf.

Note

1. Christopher K. Hagen, “We’ve Been Here : Possibilities for Prolonging Experiential Intimacy in Art” (Illinois State University, 2016), http://ir.library.illinoisstate.edu/etd/504.

Reference

Hagen, Christopher K. “We’ve Been Here : Possibilities for Prolonging Experiential Intimacy in Art.” Masters of Fine Arts, Illinois State University, 2016. http://ir.library.illinoisstate.edu/etd/504.