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Chicago Style

A quick overview of how to use the Chicago Style and examples of note and in-text citations and references for a variety of different sources.

Examples of In-Text Citations and References for Books

Reference

McCord, Edward LeRoy. 2012. The Value of Species. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (McCord 2012).

McCord (2012) highlights numerous studies that have replicated these results utilizing the same methods.

Reference

Green, Leonard C., and Paul B. Brown. 2017. The Entrepreneur’s Playbook: More than 100 Proven Strategies, Tips, and Techniques to Build a Radically Successful Business. New York: AMACOM.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Green and Brown 2017).

Green and Brown (2017) highlight...

Reference

Wilcox, Pamela, Francis T. Cullen, and Ben Feldmeyer. 2018. Communities and Crime: An Enduring American Challenge. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Wilcox, Cullen, and Feldmeyer 2018).

Wilcox, Cullen, and Feldmeyer (2017) highlight...

Reference

Fisher, Douglas, Nancy Frey, Russell J. Quaglia, Dominique Smith, and Lisa L. Lande. 2018. Engagement by Design: Creating Learning Environments Where Students Thrive. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Literacy.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Fisher et al. 2018).

Fisher et al. (2018) have shown…

Reference

Strauss, Sarah, Stephanie Rupp, and Thomas F. Love, eds. 2013. Cultures of Energy Power, Practices, Technologies. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Strauss, Rupp, & Love, 2013).

Strauss, Rupp, and Love (2017) highlight...

Wording for editions such as Second, Revised, and Enlarged are abbreviated: 2nd ed.; rev. ed.; etc. Consult Chapter 10 of the style manual for the full list of abbreviations.

Reference

Cavanaugh, John C., and Fredda Blanchard-Fields. 2018. Adult Development and Aging. 8th ed. Boston, MA: Wadsworth Publishing.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Cavanaugh and Blanchard-Fields 2018).

Cavanaugh and Blanchard-Fields (2018) highlight...

Reference

Pearlman, Laurie Anne. 2012. “Moral Dimensions of Trauma Therapies.” In The Social Psychology of Morality: Exploring the Causes of Good and Evil, edited by Mario Mikulincer and Phillip R. Shaver, 311–28. Washington, D.C: American Psychological Association.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Pearlman 2012).

Pearlman (2012) highlights...

Reference

Edinger, Scott K., and Laurie Sain. 2015. The Hidden Leader: Discover and Develop Greatness within Your Company. New York: AMACOM. http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/ilstu/detail.action?docID=1711864.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Edinger and Sain 2015).

Edinger and Sain (2015) have shown…

Reference

Skinner, Jonathan, and Lee Jolliffe, eds. 2017. Murals and Tourism: Heritage, Politics and Identity. Florence: Taylor and Francis. http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/ilstu/detail.action?docID=4865852.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Skinner and Jolliffe 2017).

Skinner and Jolliffe (2017) have shown…

Reference

Roux, Gayle, and Judith A Halstead. 2018. Issues and Trends in Nursing: Practice, Policy, and Leadership. Second edition. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC. http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/ilstu/detail.action?docID=4838489.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Roux and Halstead 2018).

Roux and Halstead (2018) have shown…

Reference

Nadimi, Farzin. 2013. “The Role of Oil in the Outcome of the Iran–Iraq War: Some Important Lessons in Historical Context.” In The Iran-Iraq War New International Perspectives, edited by Nigel Ashton and Bryan Gibson, 77–91. New York: Routledge. http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/ilstu/detail.action?docID=1097796.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Nadimi 2013).

Nadimi (2013) highlights...