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Chicago Style

A quick overview of how to use the Chicago Style and examples of note and in-text citations and references for a variety of different sources.

Examples of In-Text Citations and References for Web & Social Media

Note: Formatting of multiple authors follows the same format as books. For electronic versions of books and articles (journals, magazines, and newspapers) see the respective section for that format.

Reference

Hansen, Anders. 2017. “The Most Important Thing We Can Do for Our Brain? Exercise!” Brain Blogger (blog). October 24, 2017. http://brainblogger.com/2017/10/24/the-most-important-thing-we-can-do-for-our-brain-exercise/.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Hansen 2017).

Hansen (2017) highlights...

For the in-text citation, use the first few words of the title in double quotation marks and the year.

Reference

“Why Gardening Can Help You Live Longer and Be Healthier.” 2018. Wellness Mama (blog). March 12, 2018. https://wellnessmama.com/5437/gardeners-live-longer/.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods ("Why Gardening Can Help You", 2018).

"Why Gardening Can Help You" (2018) highlights...

Reference

Wernet, Lara. 2012. Want a Little Kiss? Photo. https://www.flickr.com/photos/farbenflut/8148446518/.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Wernet 2012).

Wernet (2012) highlights...

Note: These are not included in the reference list and should be cited parenthetically.

In-text Citation

Planning for the signing of the document was almost complete (Smith, email message to author, May 4, 2014).

Smith (email message to author, May 4, 2014) highlights...

Reference

Beyoncé. 2016. “#LEMONADE the Visual Album Available Now!” Facebook update. April 25, 2016. https://www.facebook.com/beyonce/photos/a.252225550600.296474.28940545600/10156956506310601/?type=3.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Beyoncé 2016).

Beyoncé (2016) highlights...

Reference

ISUtube1857. 2012. Celebration of President Bowman’s Legacy at Illinois State University. Online Video. Normal, Illinois. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P_vNPD1rhFY&feature=youtu.be.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (ISUtube1857 2012).

ISUtube1857 (2012) highlights...

Reference

Mondello, Bob. n.d. Fall Movies: Corsets, Crises, Comedies And Cranks. All Things Considered. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=94117753.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Mondello, 2008).

Mondello (2008) highlights...

Reference

Lacques, Anthony. 2006. “Ben Franklin Tech.” Television series episode. Modern Marvels. New York: A&E Television Networks. https://www.history.com/shows/modern-marvels/season-12/episode-13.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Lacques 2009).

Lacques (2009) highlights...

Reference

MediaShift (@MeidaShiftOrg). 2016. “How Will Facebook’s Algorithm Changes Impact Your Newsroom? https://T.Co/Gch0mPJMnV.” Twitter. July 12, 2016. https://twitter.com/MediaShiftOrg/status/752813655247519744.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (MediaShift 2016).

MediaShift (2016) highlights...

Reference

Hatch, Rachel. 2014. “The Renegades of BioMath.” News - Illinois State. May 22, 2014. https://news.illinoisstate.edu/2014/05/renegades-biomath/.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Hatch 2014).

Hatch (2014) highlights...

Reference

Moran, Casey. n.d. “7 Mindfulness Habits That Lead To 365 Days of Happiness.” Lifehack. Accessed March 14, 2018. https://www.lifehack.org/346064/7-mindfulness-habits-that-lead-365-days-happiness.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Moran, n.d.).

Moran (n.d.) highlights...

In the reference list, start with the title of the page in double quotes. For the in-text citation, use the first few words of the title in double quotes and n.d. in place of the year.

Reference

“Battle Bird.” n.d. Illinois State University Athletics. Accessed March 15, 2018. http://goredbirds.com/sports/2014/4/16/his_trad_battle_bird.aspx.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods ("Battle Bird’ n.d.).

"Illinois State athletics’ battle bird" (n.d.) highlights...