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APA Style

A quick overview of how to use the APA Style and examples of in-text citations and references for a variety of different sources.

Examples of In-Text Citations and References for Articles

Note: Formatting of multiple authors follows the same format as books. DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier (learn more about DOIs). 

Reference

Martín, G. A. R. (2013). Shaw by the numbers. Shaw: The Annual of Bernard Shaw Studies, 33(1), 176-202.

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Martín, 2013).

Narrative: Martín (2013) highlights...

DOIs are represented as a web link.

Reference

Li, L. C. (2014). Multiple trajectories and “good governance” in Asia: An introduction. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 44(2), 187-203. https://doi.org/10.1080/00472336.2013.870827

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Li, 2014).

Narrative: Li (2014) highlights...

'Retrieved from' is no longer used in electronic source references except when there is no publication date.

Reference

Greene, M., & Shorter, P. (2012). Building conceptual understanding in precalculus. Transformative Dialogues: Teaching & Learning Journal, 6(2), 1-16. http://www.kpu.ca/sites/default/files/TD.6.2.2_Greene%26Shorter_Conceptual_Understanding_in_Precalculus.pdf

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Greene & Shorter, 2012).

Narrative: Greene and Shorter (2012) highlight...

Reference

Fiore, A. (2014, May). The master code. Popular Science, 284(5), 54-59, 82-84.

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Fiore, 2014).

Narrative: Fiore (2014) highlights...

'Retrieved from' is no longer used in electronic source references except when there is no publication date.

Reference

Sarconi, P. (2017, June). OK, House. Get smart: Make the most of your AI home minions. WIRED. https://www.wired.com/2017/06/guide-to-ai-artificial-intelligence-at-home/

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Sarconi, 2017).

Narrative: Sarconi (2017) highlights...

Reference

Stibel, J. (2018, February 17). The Internet is changing us, but it’s not all bad. USA Today, p. 2B.

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Stibel, 2018).

Narrative: Stibel (2018) highlights...

For no author, use the first few words of the title in double quotation marks and the year.

MLB appears close to new drug agreement. (2014, March 26). The Washington Post, p. D05.

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods ("MLB appears close," 2014).

Narrative: In the newspaper article "MLB appears close to new drug agreement" (2013), it highlights...

Reference

Hartocollis, A. (2010, November 7). Running for your life. The New York Times, pp. CT1, CT6.

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Hartocollis, 2010).

Narrative: Hartocollis (2010) highlights...

'Retrieved from' is no longer used in electronic source references except when there is no publication date.

Reference

Delgado, J. (2014, June 2). Work to begin on Grant Park skate park. The Chicago Tribune. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2014-06-02/news/ct-grant-park-new-skate-park-met-20140602_1_skate-park-tif-funds-grant-park-conservancy

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Delgado, 2014).

Narrative: Delgado (2014) highlights...

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