Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA Style

A quick overview of how to use the APA Style and examples of in-text citations and references for a variety of different sources.

Examples of In-Text Citations and References for Web and Social Media

Note: Formatting of multiple authors follows the same format as books. For electronic versions of books and articles (journals, magazines, and newspapers) see the respective section for that format.

'Retrieved from' is no longer used in electronic source references except when there is no publication date.

Reference

Hansen, Anders. (2017, October 24). The Most Important Thing We Can Do for Our Brain? Exercise! [Blog]. http://brainblogger.com/2017/10/24/the-most-important-thing-we-can-do-for-our-brain-exercise/

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Hansen, 2017).

Narrative: Hansen (2017) highlights...

'Retrieved from' is no longer used in electronic source references except when there is no publication date.

Reference

Why Gardening Can Help You Live Longer and Be Healthier. (2018, March 12). [Blog]. Wellness Mama. https://wellnessmama.com/5437/gardeners-live-longer/

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods ("Why Gardening Can Help You", 2018).

Narrative: "Why Gardening Can Help You" (2018) highlights...

'Retrieved from' is no longer used in electronic source references except when there is no publication date.

Reference

Wernet, L. (2012). Want a Little Kiss? [Photograph]. www.flickr.com/photos/farbenflut/8148446518/.

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Wernet, 2012).

Narrative: Wernet (2012) highlights...

Note: These are not included in the Works Cited list and should be cited parenthetically.

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Planning for the signing of the document was almost complete (J. Smith, personal communication, May 4, 2014).

Narrative: J. Smith (personal communication, May 4, 2014) highlights...

'Retrieved from' is no longer used in electronic source references except when there is no publication date.

Reference

Beyonce. (2016, April 25). #LEMONADE the Visual Album Available Now! [Facebook update]. https://www.facebook.com/beyonce/photos/10156956506310601.

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Beyonce, 2016).

Narrative: Beyonce (2016) highlights...

'Retrieved from' is no longer used in electronic source references except when there is no publication date.

Reference

ISUtube1857. (2012, December 7). Celebration of President Bowman’s Legacy at Illinois State University [Online Video]. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P_vNPD1rhFY&feature=youtu.be

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (ISUtube1857, 2012).

Narrative: ISUtube1857 (2012) highlights...

'Retrieved from' is no longer used in electronic source references except when there is no publication date. For podcasts, the episode number is listed in parentheses after the media type desigation.

Reference

Mondello, B. (n.d.). Fall Movies: Corsets, Crises, Comedies and Cranks [Audio podcast]. (September 1, 2008). Retrieved March 15, 2018, from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=94117753.

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Mondello, 2008).

Narrative: Mondello (2008) highlights...

Citing a test review is similar to citing a chapter in an edited ebook. For the References list, instead of the name of a book, you use the name of the database, Mental Measurements Yearbook with Tests in Print. In-text citing follows the same format as other sources. The information needed for the citation and reference is in the detailed record and full text.

Reference

Kush, J. C., & Shaw, S. R. (2010). Review of the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Fourth Edition. From R. A. Spies, J. F. Carlson, & K. F. Geisinger (Eds.), The eighteenth mental measurements yearbook [Electronic version]. Retrieved from Mental Measurements Yearbook with Tests in Print, https://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=9&sid=9faa1637-6626-4c3c-8072-a4c38207e89f%40sessionmgr120&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Kush & Shaw, 2010).

Narrative: Kush and Shaw (2010) highlight...

'Retrieved from' is no longer used in electronic source references except when there is no publication date.

Reference

Lacques, A. (2009, May 25). Ben Franklin tech [Television series episode]. In Modern Marvels. A&E Television Networks. https://www.history.com/shows/modern-marvels/season-12/episode-13

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Lacques, 2009).

Narrative: Lacques (2009) highlights...

'Retrieved from' is no longer used in electronic source references except when there is no publication date. Twitter is a micro-blogging platfrom and a tweet is referenced in the same format as a blog.

Reference

@MediaShiftOrg. (2016, July 12). How Will Facebook’s Algorithm Changes Impact Your Newsroom? [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/MediaShiftOrg/status/ 752813655247519744.

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (@MediaShiftOrg, 2016).

Narrative: @MediaShiftOrg (2016) highlights...

'Retrieved from' is no longer used in electronic source references except when there is no publication date.

Reference

Hatch, R. (2014, May 22). The renegades of BioMath. http://stories.illinoisstate.edu/university/media-relations/report/renegades-biomath/

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Hatch, 2014).

Narrative: Hatch (2014) highlights...

'Retrieved from' is no longer used in electronic source references except when there is no publication date.

Reference

Moran, C. (n.d.). 7 Mindfulness Habits That Lead To 365 Days of Happiness. Retrieved March 13, 2018, from https://www.lifehack.org/346064/7-mindfulness-habits-that-lead-365-days-happiness

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Moran, n.d.).

Narrative: Moran (n.d.) highlights...

'Retrieved from' is no longer used in electronic source references except when there is no publication date.

Reference

Illinois State athletics’ battle bird. (n.d.). Retrieved March 15, 2018, from http://www.goredbirds.com/trads/ilstu-trads-battlebird.html

In-text Citation

Parenthetical: Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods ("Illinois State athletics’ battle bird," n.d.).

Narrative: "Illinois State athletics’ battle bird" (n.d.) highlights...

Ask a Milner Librarian