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APA Style

A quick overview of how to use the APA Style and examples of in-text citations and references for a variety of different sources.

Guidelines for APA style

We use in-text citations and reference lists to guide the reader/viewer/audience member to the sources used to write, present, or create the paper, speech, or other creative piece. It is common for individuals who want to learn more about a topic to find and use the sources in a reference list.

APA Style references should contain at least these four base elements:

  • author/creator name (who wrote, made, produced, filmed, etc.)
  • title of the work
  • date of publication (when was the item published, made, produced, filmed, etc.)
  • publication information (publishing company information, edition, volume and issue numbers, online location)

The source format and type impacts what is and isn't included in the reference.

Formatting Your Paper

APA Style is not just in-text citing and a list of references. It also includes the formatting of your paper. Here are some of the basics elements. For examples, consult the APA FAQ of sample papers. Ask your professor about including a title page, they may not require it. If you are formatting your thesis or dissertation, you must use the Graduate School's template.

  • 1-inch margins on all sides
  • Double spacing of all text on all pages, including the References list
  • Each paragraph begins with a First Line indent of .5 inches
  • Each reference is a Hanging indent of .5 inches
  • Font should be a common font like Times New Roman, Ariel, Helvetica, Garamond, Open Sans, etc.; size should be 10pt or 12pt
  • Page numbers in the upper right corner on each page, 1/2 inch from top and 1-inch from the right side
  • Shortened title on each page (called a running head) except the title page, in ALL CAPS, flush left, and on the same line as the page number (1/2 inch from top and 1-inch from the left side)